5 Things to Know About Adopting a Child With Thalassemia
Children with thalassemia have an abnormal formation of hemoglobin in their blood, which leads to anemia. There are two types: thalassemia minor and beta thalassemia.
Thalassemia is more common in specific regions of the world, including southeast China and India.
Some children’s thalassemia is well controlled with medication. Other children need blood transfusions every 3-4 weeks. Most communities have blood banks and hospitals that treat thalassemia.
Thalassemia is inherited, not contagious. Without treatment, beta thalassemia can lead to enlarged organs, jaundice, extreme fatigue, poor appetite, frequent infection, paleness and general body pains.
In most cases, children with thalassemia have normal life expectancies and live happy, normal lives! Adults with beta thalassemia may have an increased risk of heart conditions.